Marketing and Management of Innovations

ISSN (print) – 2218-4511 

ISSN (online) – 2227-6718

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Identifier in the register: R30-01179 Decision dated August 31, 2023, No. 759

The language of publication is English. 

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Oleksii Lyulyov

Sumy State University | Ukraine

Digital Marketing in the Survival and Growth Strategies of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses During the War in Ukraine

Mykhailo Oklander 1, , Oksana Yashkina 1,*,   , Iryna Zlatova 1, , Ilke Cicekli 2,,

Nataliia Letunovska 3,

  1. Department of Marketing, Institute of Economics and Management, Odesa Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
  2. School of Strategy Marketing and Innovation, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom
  3. Department of Marketing, Sumy State University, Ukraine

     * Corresponding author


Received: 20 October 2023

Revised: 10 February 2024

Accepted: 10 March 2024


This article shows the impact of the war on small and medium-sized businesses in Ukraine during the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation, which started on February 24, 2022, and ended in September 2023. The object of the study is small and medium-sized enterprises that carry out business activities in Ukraine during a full-scale invasion. The research objective is to determine the business strategies and Internet marketing strategies used by small and medium-sized enterprises after full-scale invasion. The purpose of this study is to identify the most effective Internet marketing strategies and Internet marketing tools that helped small and medium-sized businesses survive the full-scale invasion of Ukraine by the Russian Federation and continue to grow. The study was conducted through in-depth interviews with representatives of small and medium-sized businesses from different regions of Ukraine and from different fields of activity. Based on the categorical analysis of the responses, three periods of enterprise survival were summarized according to the chronology of military and political events in the country. The relevant Internet marketing strategies of small and medium-sized enterprises are identified. Business strategies and Internet marketing strategies that helped small and medium-sized enterprises increase their pre-war economic performance are also highlighted. Certain reasons for the deep crisis of small and medium-sized enterprises are outlined. The intensity and effectiveness of the use of Internet marketing tools by small and medium-sized businesses after a full-scale invasion are determined. The peculiarity of the results is the study of Internet marketing strategies and successful business strategies of small and medium-sized enterprises during the war. The scientific novelty of thisstudy is that it classifies the periods of survival and growth of small and medium-sized enterprises and identifies the most effective Internet marketing strategies for these periods. The efficiency and intensity of using Internet marketing tools were also systematized. The results obtained in the study will help small and medium-sized enterprises overcome crisis conditions and identify areas for the effective use of digital marketing. The findings are of practical value for small and medium-sized enterprises in other countries where there is a possibility of armed conflict.

Keywords: business strategies for survival; business strategies for growth; war; internet marketing strategies; digital marketing tools; small and medium-sized enterprises.

How to Cite: Oklander, M., Yashkina, O., Zlatova, I., Cicekli, I., & Letunovska, N. (2024). Digital Marketing in the Survival and Growth Strategies of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses During the War in Ukraine. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 15(1), 15–28.

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