Marketing and Management of Innovations

ISSN (print) – 2218-4511 

ISSN (online) – 2227-6718

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Identifier in the register: R30-01179 Decision dated August 31, 2023, No. 759

The language of publication is English. 

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Oleksii Lyulyov

Sumy State University | Ukraine

Competences of Managers and Executives across Economic Sectors

Iveta Kmecova 1,* , Denis Juracka 2

  1. Institute of Technology and Business in Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic
  2. University of Zilina, Slovakia

     * Corresponding author

Received: 20 April 2023

Revised: 20 July 2023

Accepted: 10 November 2023


This paper deals with the comparison of differences in the levels of the application of executives and managers´ competences in companies divided by the number of employees and the line of business and identifies the differences based on this classification. Research data were collected via a questionnaire survey administered to 610 small and medium-sized enterprises in the Czech Republic. The subsequent analysis of the responses showed that it is possible to work with complete data from 581 companies. The data were then subjected to statistical calculations according to statistical methods, specifically, the general linear model (GLM), two-way ANOVA, and regression analysis. These methods were used for calculating the results and compiling auxiliary tables and graphs. The results show that in terms of the classification of the companies by their size (the number of employees), it is statistically clear that with the growing number of employees and thus the size of companies, the level of application of the competencies of managers and executives increases as well. The highest level was identified in companies with 150 or more employees, while the lowest was identified in small companies with no more than 9 employees. In terms of the classification of companies by line of business, there were no significant differences in the application of competences; therefore, it cannot be confirmed that any specific line of business shows a higher level of applying managers´ and executives´ competences. The results obtained can help small companies realize that although the application of competences is more typical for large enterprises, small companies must also pay attention to this topic if they want to grow in the future and increase their turnover. The results are limited by the methods chosen for the achievement of the objectives and data collection. Finally, the results were compared with the findings of other authors.

Keywords: company size; competence management; human resource management; leadership; SME.

How to Cite: Kmecova, I., & Juracka, D. (2023). Competences of Managers and Executives across Economic Sectors. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 14(4), 128–139.

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